The Mughal era began in India in the 16th century.

In 1526, in the famous Battle of Panipat, Emperor Babur was the first Mughal ruler who defeated the last of the Delhi Sultans, Ibrahim Shah Lodhi. Babur was a Conqueror from Central Asia. His rule was relatively short.

Humayun succeeded the throne after death of Babur at the age of twenty three. His reign was interrupted by political turbulence and an enforced exile by an Afghan leader, Sher Shah.

 After the death of Humayun, his 13 year old son Akbar was crowned. Akbar the great was a military genius and was considered the first great patron of the jeweled arts in that era. He also gained control over Rajput through diplomacy and marriage alliances. He was a great patron of art, architecture and literature.

Akbar’s reign was followed by his son Jahangir. Jahangir derived his name from a Persian word which means "world conqueror". He was ranked as a Mansabdar of ten thousand, which is the highest rank in military after the Emperor at a very young age. At the age of twelve, he commanded a regiment independently in the Kabul campaign.  Like Akbar, Jahangir managed diplomatic relations on the Indian sub-continent. He loved art, science and architecture and contributed to their growth during his reign.

Jahangir’s reign was followed by his son, Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan's thirty years of reign from the year 1628 to 1658, is often referred to as the golden period of the Mughal dynasty - a peaceful era of prosperity and stability.

Aurangzeb is considered the last great ruler of the Mughal dynasty. He was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers. During his reign, the Mughal empire reached its greatest extent with victories in the south. However, his intolerance to religions other than islam led to various revolts by Marathas, Sikhs and Jats which in turn led to the downfall of Mughal Empire.
 
The first Islamic rule in the country started with emperor Qutub-ud-din Aibak. The interesting thing about Aibak is that he used to be a slave of a Tajik ruler, Muhammad Ghori who captured Delhi in 1193. 

It was from there that the city saw the rise of what is known as the ‘Delhi Sultanate’. The powerful Sultanate lasted for over two and a half centuries covering five dynasties. These dynasties are the Slave dynasty, the Khilji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty and the Lodi dynasty. 

And you’ve heard of the famous Battle of Panipat right? Yes! The battle where Babur defeated the last of the Delhi Sultans, Ibrahim Shah Lodi in 1526. It marked the end of the Delhi Sultanate rule and the beginning of the mighty Mughal dynasty.